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Orthogonal Drawing with TriAPI [Print this Article]
Posted by: omega
Date posted: Apr 14 2003
User Rating: N/A
Number of views: 5483
Number of comments: 1
Description:

NOTES:
* X-Out's breakout tutorial used this shell as a base.
* This ONLY works in OpenGL and Direct3D modes.



I decided to whip up this tutorial to show you the simplicity of drawing triangles in orthogonal mode using TriAPI. This is really simple, and I'm even doing all the work for you! An example regarding how to draw a quad over the entire screen is included at the end of the article.

Step #1: Load up tri.cpp and add this shell at the very bottom:

 CODE  

/*
=================
HUD_DrawOrthoTriangles
Orthogonal Triangles -- (relative to resolution,
smackdab on the screen) add them here
=================
*/

void HUD_DrawOrthoTriangles( void )
{
}

Step #2: Open up HUD_Redraw.cpp
Prototype the function above redraw()

 CODE  

void HUD_DrawOrthoTriangles( void );
int CHud :: Redraw( float flTime, int intermission )
{


Step #3: Add the function inside redraw, so it's called:

HUD_DrawOrthoTriangles is called from the HUD draw functions, because at this point the engine is already in orthogonal mode. Hence, the Z coord is a "magic 0", because it's not rendering in world space in ortho, it's 2D.
 CODE  


    ...
    pList = pList->pNext;
  }
    }

    
    //omega;draw orthogonal triangles

    HUD_DrawOrthoTriangles();


    // are we in demo mode? do we need to draw the logo in the top corner?

    if (m_iLogo)
    ...



Step #4: Make use of it!

Example:
 CODE  

#define ORTHOEXAMPLE
#ifdef ORTHOEXAMPLE

void OrthoExample()
{
     gEngfuncs.pTriAPI->RenderMode(kRenderTransAdd);
//additive

     // use hotglow, or any other sprite for the texture

     gEngfuncs.pTriAPI->SpriteTexture( (struct model_s *)
     gEngfuncs.GetSpritePointer(SPR_Load("sprites/hotglow.spr")), 0);

     gEngfuncs.pTriAPI->CullFace( TRI_NONE );
//no culling
     gEngfuncs.pTriAPI->Begin(TRI_QUADS);
//start our quad

     //remember, always list vertices in counter-clockwise
     // order, unless you want the quad to be backwards =)
     // the third value of vertex3f will always be 0 in ortho mode,
     // don't change it unless you wan't funny things to happen.

     //top left

     gEngfuncs.pTriAPI->TexCoord2f(0.0f, 1.0f);
     gEngfuncs.pTriAPI->Vertex3f(0, 0, 0);


     //bottom left
     gEngfuncs.pTriAPI->TexCoord2f(0.0f, 0.0f);
     gEngfuncs.pTriAPI->Vertex3f(0, ScreenHeight, 0);


     //bottom right
     gEngfuncs.pTriAPI->TexCoord2f(1.0f, 0.0f);
     gEngfuncs.pTriAPI->Vertex3f(ScreenWidth, ScreenHeight, 0);


     //top right
     gEngfuncs.pTriAPI->TexCoord2f(1.0f, 1.0f);
     gEngfuncs.pTriAPI->Vertex3f(ScreenWidth, 0, 0);

     gEngfuncs.pTriAPI->End();
//end our list of vertexes
     gEngfuncs.pTriAPI->RenderMode(kRenderNormal); //return to normal
}
#endif
void HUD_DrawOrthoTriangles( void )
{
#ifdef ORTHOEXAMPLE
     OrthoExample();
#endif
}


That about does it for this "tutorial". You now have the framework to draw triangles onto the hud with ease using TriAPI. Have fun, and enjoy! If you have any questions, email me at omega@thewavelength.net.

-omega

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User Comments Showing comments 1-1

Posted By: Unbreakable on Oct 07 2006 at 18:33:29
Is all your tutorials like this!? You don't tell us where to put anything.

Open up HUD_Redraw.cpp
Prototype the function above redraw()....????

I want to learn how to use TriApi, but this explains nothing. When doing a tutorial, you have to look at it from the other end, from the learners perspective.

I'm just a beginner so I am trying to learn this, but I can't work with any of the code if I have no idea where to put it. This was a poorly done tutorial. Sorry.

You may think I'm an idiot and should'nt be learning this stuff at my point of standing, but I have to start somewhere, and thats the purpose of a tutorial, to explain how, and it should be useable to even the less experienced.

I've already moved around my hud using the x, and y axis's, and your example looks very straight forward which is good. But again, I don't know how to activate TriApi.


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